AL- JIZYAH / AL-ANFAAL
[The fine / The profit ]
To understand my belief on this subject, one need to read
all below mention verses carefully. since my understanding is mainly base on them base.
Then Satan caused them to stumble from it, and he dislodged them from what they were in; and We said, ‘Get down, being enemies of one another! On the earth shall be your abode and sustenance for a period.
Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress. Indeed Allah does not like transgressors.
Fighting is prescribed for you even if it is hateful to you. It may be that you hate something when it is good for you and it may be that you love something when it is bad for you. Allah knows and you do not know.
There is no compulsion in Din [the system] the proper way has been made clear from the wrong way. Whoever rejects evil, and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most solid handle which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Yes indeed! But if you are steadfast and have taqwa and they come upon you suddenly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels, clearly identified
They ask/question you about the profits spoils/gifts . Say: "The spoils/gifts profits (are) for Allah and the messenger, so fear and obey Allah and correct/repair that what is between you, and obey Allah and His messenger, if you were believers."
Their prayers before the House are nothing but whistling and clapping. ‘So taste the punishment because you use to disbelief.
And know that what you gain / profit form everything then that one fifth is for Allah & His messenger and those who near, and the orphans , and the poorest of poor/poor oppressed, and the traveler/stranded traveler, if you believe in Allah and what We descended on Our slave, on the day of criterion the day the two forces met , and Allah (is) on every thing all powerful.
Those with whom you made a treaty, and who violated their treaty every time, and the do not fear Allah .
And if they sided/inclined towards to the peace/surrender , so side/incline towards to it, and rely/depend on Allah , that He truly is, He is the hearing/listening, the knowledgeable.
It is not right for a prophet to take captives before he has conquered the battlefield. You [people] desire the transient goods of this world, but Allah desires the Hereafter [for you]- Allah is mighty and wise.
So when the restricted months have passed, then you may kill those who have set up partners wherever you find them, and take them, and surround them, and stand against them at every point. If they repent, and hold the prayer, and contribute towards betterment, then you shall leave them alone. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
And if any of those who have set up partners seeks your protection, then you may protect him so that he may hear the words of Allah, then let him reach his sanctuary. This is because they are a people who do not know.
Believers, those who ascribe partners to Allah are truly unclean: do not let them come near the Sacred Mosque after this year. If you are afraid you may become poor, [bear in mind that] Allah will enrich you out of His bounty if He pleases: Allah is all knowing and wise.
Kill /fight those who do not believe in Allah and nor the Day of Resurrection, and do not forbid what Allah and His messenger forbidden, and do not accept the right judgment / system from those who were given The Book , until they give Jizyah willingly while they are small/minority.
Fight them! Allah will punish them at your hands, and disgrace them and help you against them, and heal the hearts of those who have iman.
Indeed We have inaugurated for you a clear victory
Whatever gains Allah has turned over to His Messenger from the inhabitants of the villages belong to Allah, the Messenger, kinsfolk, orphans, the needy, the traveller in need- this is so that they do not just circulate among those of you who are rich––so accept whatever the Messenger gives you, and abstain from whatever he forbids you. Be mindful of God: God is severe in punishment.
And Say: "The truth has come and falsehood has perished. Falsehood is always bound to perish!"
And We did not send you except (as) mercy to the creations all together/(universes).
My understanding from them above verses
Prophet Muhammad drag into several wars during his mission of establishing Al-Islam. The war could have been avoided if the extremist disbelievers stop abusing Islam and Muslim. They simply could ignore since no one was forcing them to believe in Islam.
However any war carried out in the lifetime of any prophets was under supervision of almighty Allah Himself, therefore the disbelievers bound to lose. The prophets and believers has gained/ captured wealth of the enemy positioned. Which later distributed as welfare by the messenger toward the Needy, Travellers, Poor, or the people who near to the messenger such as his family and companion [Shahabi] or in order to propagate Islam.
And those whom receiving the benefit ware ordered by Allah not to argue / dispute to the distribution but just take whatever is given by the prophet.Whenever the disbeliever comes under pressure, they normally agree to a peace treaty, but whenever an opportunity presented itself, they would ignore these treaties and attack Muslims.And when the order been issued to ban none believers from Al-Masajid Al-Maram since they don’t believe in Allah alone neither they pray properly, except their prayer is nothing but clapping or whistling.
But since they ware practicing their nonsense for long time, then obviously they will not simply or peacefully going to stop or give up without fight.Therefore those who fight or create problem, they have to face punishment from Allah and His messenger.And since the commandment was not to allow them go Near to Al-Masajid Al-Haram Therefore those who ware already living within Al-Haram area simply either have to embrace Islam or move out form the area.
And those who outside Al-Haram yet wish to continue with their residency while they are minority, should willingly pay Al-Jazya, which is one fifth from their profit to Allah and His messenger until they either embrace Islam or go away from it, no new settler will be allowed. Yet those refused to pay Jizia and start fight back, and on lost of the war everything will be siege and will belong to Allah and His messenger until the complete war is over. Then if they return and repent to Islam they will get their property back after one fifth, which is just another final chance for them to return back to Islam since the prophet was send as mercy to all mankind.
Elaboration more into the subject.
Almighty Allah want people to save their self from hellfire by believing in Him and following His commandment but Satan also has a duty to mislead mankind whenever or wherever as possible. And because of it Allah has continuously send prophets to mankind. Yet Satan manage to create obstacles by using his human followers [disbelievers] to fight against all prophets, therefore all prophets was drag into wars. But the end results were Satan and his followers always lose and suffer the consequences.
For example whenever a doctor see the a tumour that beyond curable and it spreading, therefore to save the rest it must be remove by surgical operation otherwise it will damage the rest. Then the doctor has no option then cut it off. And that is exactly what all prophets did to save the humanity from the Satan as tumour.
The War and fighting is natural for mankind they have to conduct
war and that is what we see happen today all over the world and not just now,
it happen on all time and whoever lose the wars does need to pay the damages
directly or indirectly. Yet most of them wars are simply a grater nation
oppressing or bulling the weaker, and capturing
their lands/ wealth’s without any true justification. While Allah and His prophets acted more justly
because their intention and the war was not the because of wealth but to revive the mankind
and put them on right tract or save them from hellfire.
1 All Prophets fight those who fight them another word it was defensive
2 All prophets never force anyone to believe in them or their message.
3 All those who fight Allah and messenger bound to lose the battle
4 All war wealth [booty] belong to Allah and His prophets
5 Al-Jazia is only restricted to specific time and place
6 Al-Jazya is one fifth from their profit
7 All verses indicating to offensive war are restricted to time of Prophets
8 All defensive war or Jihad remain active all time for
9 Prophet had to wait till the war is fully over to distribute the captures
10 Prophet have to protect them if they seek protection, allow them to hear Quran
11 They never pray correctly except clapping and whistling
12 They should be ban all time from Al-Masjid Al-Haram, since it’s a or for believers
13 Allah punish them with the hand of believers, help them directly with 5000 angel
14 Mankind will fight,be enemy to each other as natural since it written over mankind
15 All prophets especially the last prophet Muhammad [s] was mercy to mankind
I sincerely believe all war related verses are time bond, its only limited to prophets time /era. And the Jazya tax is specific to Makkah only if there is any settler still available that is otherwise it is Not a general role for every Muslim countries. I also believe nowadays no one, neither any group has any authority to call for any kind of offensive Jihad by referring to them verses. Those who trying to implement any war in the name of Islam, will be unsuccessful and humiliated, because they don’t have prophets of Allah among them to justify the cause of it.
But all defensive war against oppression is permissible and sometime very necessary and it is a basic human rights.To me since Al- JIZYAH & GANIMAT are time bond to prophet’s time only and restricted to place such as outer Makkah area. Therefore if any none Muslim living on any other Muslim state today, they should be taxed as other normal Muslim citizen.
I do not believe in any manmade so-called Sharia Law as divine Law of Allah but if I live in such state where Sharia law is implanted, then I simply have to obey, and treat it as the law of the land since I am a law binding citizen. But those who implementing such law, and attributing lie against Allah and to His messenger, surly they will face the consequences in the day of judgement. Allah knows Best.