In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The term "Al Kitab" could confuse people if they don’t look into the Quran closely. Especially when we have IIPC sect propagating bogus theory regarding this which contradict with so many verses. Yet them sect are reluctant to called Al-Quran as “the Reading” which is true in one sense by the meaning of it, but they forget it is also a name ,therefore we cannot always translate any name and start calling it’s meaning.
Them sect just not going to understand, they are happy to follow blindly their bogus messenger which they sometime called “The Medium”.
If we look into the Quran specifically the verse 10:37 it is very clear what exactly the AL-KITAB moreover this term has been used on so many different verse sometime with different meaning such as.
Q3:3 = Al-Quran
Q2:235=(Al-Kitabu) Marriage on prescribe term
Q2:178=Kutiba =Written/ Prescribe over mankind
Q2:185=Ramadan the month Quran revealed(why not Al-Kitab ?)
Q39:69 = Al-Kitab The Book hold record and judged accordingly
Q6:38=Nothing left over without mentioning on(Book of nature) .
Q6:92=Kitab (meaning Quran ) no mention of AL-KITAB
Q7:37=Appointed portion of AL-KITAB /the Book (of destiny)
Q18:49=Book/Record of human deed/action
Q13:39=Allah has the Mother of the BOOK
Q27:01=This is the AYAT of the Quran & clear BOOK
Q4:44=Just Portion of the Book given to some nation
Q4:82=No contradiction in THE QURAN (why not Al-Kitab?)
Q5:101= May cause you trouble. If ask when Qur'an is being revealed
Q10:01=This (Quran) contain verse of Al-Kitab
Q29:45=Recite what has been revealed to you FROM AL-KITAB
Q38:1=Quran also called or class as Aththiri/DHIKIRI
Q16;43=Revelation also called Aththiri/DHIKIRI
Q9:105=DHIKIR (Remembrance) indicate last Book is the Quran
Q9:111=The Thawrah, the injeel, and the Qur'an (sequence of revelation)
Q15:9 = Allah taken the responsibility to Preserved the DHIKIR=Quran
Q42;15=Need to believe whatsoever Allah sent of Kitab NO mention of AL-KITAB
Q84:21=When the Quran is READ (this prove the Quran itself a book )
Q17:45=QARAT/Read the Quran (it is nonsense to say READ THE READING )
Q16:98 =QARA/READ the Quran seek protection from Satan
Q7:204=QARA the Quran, listen to it with attention (again READ READ ?)
Q7:78= People of the Quran (again nonsense to call people of the reading ?)
Q59:21=If the Quran send on a mountain (how a READING send to mountain?)
Q4:136=The messengers also came with the book (not just 19 prophets)
Q4:164= Some messengers NOT even mention (so again not just 19 got Al-Kitab?)
MAIN VERES OF THE ARTICLE
If one understand this ONE verse [10:37] since it do give significant prove /understanding , alongside with other verse mention in the article ,then insha-Allah we will come to know what is the term AL-KIATB mainly stand for.[my understanding of the verse 10:37]
The Quran 10:37
وَمَا كَانَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُر
And not is this Quran
ۡءَانُ أَن يُفۡتَرَى
that produce by
ٰ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ
other then Allah
وَلَـٰكِن تَصۡدِيقَ ٱلَّذِى بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ
but confirm/truth what/that clear his hands
هِ وَتَفۡصِيلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ
and explaining the Book
ِ لَا رَيۡبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ
no doubt in it from the Lord of the all creations /universe
No doubt this Quran from Allah the Lord of universe .Nobody can create it [not even any messenger]. But it’s confirming what revelation is available. And it is the explanation of “Al-Kitab [That revealed to every messenger / prophet which was passing on from generation to generation that which Written/ Preserved over mankind]
SOME OTHER VERSES NEED TO BE CONCEDER
The Quran 2:78
And there are among them illiterates, who know not the Book, but (see therein their own) desires, and they do nothing but conjecture
The Quran 2:101
And when came to them a Messenger from Allah, confirming what was with them, a party of the people of the Book threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs, as if (it had been something) they did not know!
The Quran 2:151
A similar (favour have ye already received) in that We have sent among you a Messenger of your own rehearsing to you Our signs, and purifying you, and instructing you in Scripture and wisdom, and in new Knowledge.
Behold! Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying: "I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Messenger, confirming what is with you; do ye believe him and render him help." Allah said: "Do ye agree, and take this My Covenant as binding on you?" They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses."
O People of the Book! there hath come to you Our Messenger, revealing to you much that ye used to hide in the Book, and passing over much (that is now unnecessary): there hath come to you from Allah a (new) Light and a perspicuous Book.―
The Quran 13:39
Allah doth blot out or confirm what He pleaseth: with Him is the Mother of the Book.
One day We shall raise from all peoples a witness against them, from amongst themselves: and We shall bring thee as a witness against these (thy people): and We have sent down to thee the Book explaining all things, a Guide a Mercy and Glad Tidings to Muslims
The Quran 27:92
And to rehearse the Qur'an: and if any accept guidance, they do it for the good of their own souls, and if any stray, say: "I am only a Warner."
The Quran 28:49
Say: "Then bring ye a Book from Allah, which is a better Guide than either of them, that I may follow it! (Do), if ye are truthful!"
The Quran 39:69
And the Earth will shine with the glory of its Lord: the Record (of Deeds) will be placed (open); the prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward: and a just decision pronounced between them; and they will not be wronged (in the least).
The Quran 46:12
And before this, was the Book of Moses as a Guide and a Mercy; and this Book confirms (it) in the Arabic tongue; to admonish the unjust, and as Glad Tidings to those who do right.
The Quran 56:78
And that is indeed a mighty adjuration if ye but knew― (76) That this is indeed a Qur'an most honourable, (77) In a Book well-guarded, (78) Which none shall touch but those who are clean:
MAIN POINTS FROM ABOVE VERSES
[Q2:2] say [ THALIK=THAT ] instead of [HAAJA=THIS] which indicate AL-KITAB separate from Al-Quran, Therefore the specific AL-KITAB is not this Quran itself, but this Quran contain the Al-Kitab within, and this is why it is the explanation of Al-Kitab. Another thing to conceder,Since this Quran is the explanation of AL-KITAB then that AL-KIATB must contain brief information of the main massage [or Core/Fundamental message] of DEEN shared by Messengers/Prophet.
[3:81] Indicate whatever (portion) from AL-KITAB has been given to Prophets so that mean some messenger/prophet may have some portion of Al-Kiatb but since the Quran is complete and The End of revelation [which is confirm by several verses such as 12:111] that's mean the whole Al-kitab that Allah revelled is within the Quran,Preserved and Allah also preserved All HIS previous revelation by sending the messenger/prophets.
[2:78] say people don’t know the knowledge of the book but guess [2:101] and some of them reject the message of the book as they did not know [2;151] The Messenger/Prophet ALSO given duty to teach the knowledge of the Book to mankind
[46:12] indicate Prophet Moosa (P) Book was as a guide & a mercy before Quran which again prove it is part of the Al-Kitab.
Since the Al-kiatb is within Al-Quran that’s why we see this Quran [16:89] is also Al-Kitab we also notice Allah used the term [AL] on Al-Kitab to emphasise the importance and indicate to AL-Kitab. But on some verse we just see the term [kitab] without [AL] used to refer the Quran [5:15] we also notice two books
[ 28:49] this again confirm the book that revelled to the present messenger /prophet and the book/knowledge which is already available from the earlier messenger/prophet.
[56:78] this Quran is in the BOOK which is well guard meaning it is with Allah NO one can touch it except the Purified one, with the permission of Allah,which indicate to angel Messenger or even messenger/prophet. But more we read/ rehearse [27:92] more we will remember of it [Quran].Then it will be mercy for us.
It is unnecessary to make laud noises, or use to much fuss about this term "AL-KITAB" since Quran indicate this term has multiple meaning [but it do has it original specific meaning too] and Allah has used it according to that multiple meaning.
Therefore we need to conceder the context the verses to establish which meaning is Allah referring to. And one of the most general/common meanings of term [AL-KITAB] is WRITTEN. Please note written does not mean Allah did send HIS revelation as book form [in paper] but it is written recorded over mankind. Anyway to understand this , please read SCHOLAR & KUTIBA article.
I simply believe this term [Al-Kitab] is indicating to the writing/record & specifically it is talking about the BOOK which is with ALLAH which contain/record of EVERY single THING nothing miss out or leftover from it. Since mankind/Jinn need the guidance of Allah therefore some portion of that GREAT record / written Allah send to mankind through Messenger / Prophet what they need and because of this all the revelation that Messenger/Prophet received is the part of AL-KITAB
And that is why we see the Allah called it Al-Kitab and since the Quran is the last in of revelation which give explanation /confirmation of all previous revelation therefore Allah also called [the Quran] Al-kitab too.[but main specific Al-Kitab is with Allah alone all time.[Allah knows best]
1] AL-KITAB = THE GREAT BOOK THAT IS WITH ALLAH ALTIME [13:39]
2] AL-KITAB=ALL REVELATION THAT MANKIND RECEIVED [3:81]
3] AL-KITAB=AL-QURAN SINCE IT EXPLAIN ALL REVELATION[10:37