It is very unfortunate that mankind fail to believe, that Allah’s system, is full of wisdom & perfect to guide or provide peaceful, beneficial solution for mankind needs. Unfortunately there is NO single government in the whole world which rules, judges or decides matters solely according to what Allah has revealed.
We do find some so-called Islamic law [khalifa/caliphs] whom claim they are establishing Islam but in reality they are just establishing their own ideology & corrupted interpretation of Al-Quran to accomplish their needs.
Don’t forget all of them so-called Islamic system is mainly created by a MAN [leader /nation / tradition according to their understanding]. And since them so-called Muslim leaders using their own ideology instead of strictly Quranic Law, therefore they are losing power or getting killed & corrupting their own nation .
And when none Muslim see the corruption on them label Muslim populated country they think Islam and the Quran is NOT appropriate to govern mankind or any nation.
However regardless one accepts Allah’s Law or NOT but they are automatically following the law of their creator intentionally or unintentionally. They may call it whatever they like such as Democracy, Freedom.
Anyway In the reflection of these verses below I have base my belief/understanding regarding this issue.
[Please note for basic understanding I have used popular translation, But since all translation cannot be trusted 100% accurate, because it is just another man understanding. Therefore we must try to use dictionary when necessary]
The Quran 5:44
Verily, I did send down the Tharah , therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, who submitted themselves to Allâh's Will, judged for the Yahod. And the rabbis and the priests [too judged for the yahood by the Tharah for to them was entrusted the protection of Allâh's Book, and they were witnesses thereto. Therefore fear not men but fear Me and sell not My Verses for a miserable price. And whosoever does not judge by what Allâh has revealed, such are the Kâfirûn (disbelievers ).
The Quran 5:45
And I ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." But if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him an expiation. And whosoever does not judge by that which Allâh has revealed, such are the Zâlimûn (polytheists )
The Quran 5:47
Let the people of the Injeel judge by what Allâh has revealed therein. And whosoever does not judge by what Allâh has revealed (then) such (people) are the Fâsiqûn (disobedient )
The Quran : 4:80
He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah: but if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their.
The Quran : 4:65
But no, by thy Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.
The Quran : 4:59
O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the messenger and those of you who are in Authority; and if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end.
The Quran 30:47
We have decreed that the believers will be victorious."
The Quran 22:40
GOD will support with victory those who support Him. GOD is powerful, Almighty.
The Quran 22:38
GOD will surely defend those who believe. GOD does not like any betrayer, disbeliever
The Quran 47:7
O you who believe, if you support GOD, He will grant you victory, & strengthen your foothold.
The Quran 3:83
Is it other than God's system[DEEN] that they desire, when those in the heavens and the Earth have surrendered to HIM willingly or unwillingly ? And to HIM they will be returned.
The Quran 3:189
And to God is the sovereignty of heavens and Earth, and God is capable of all things.
The Quran 4:132
To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God suffices for a guardian.
The Quran 5:120
To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them and He has power over all things.
The Quran 2:256
There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
I have also checked other related verses to get more clear understanding such as
All Law is belongs to none but Allah alone
[6:57, 6:62, 12:40, 12:67, 28:70, 28:80, 40:12, 42:10].
He does not take anyone as partner in His LAW
[18:26 7:87, 10:109, 12:80) 11:45, 95:8]
NO change on Allah’s Law even though HE all power to do so
[10:64, 30:30, 33:62, 35:43, 48:23, 6:34, 6:115, 18:27]
All and the Final Messenger/Prophet established the real LAW of Allah.
[5:48-49, 4:105, 6:114 5:44-47, 2:213]
MAIN POINTS THAT I UNDERSTAND FROM ABOVE VERSES
[5:44] All prophets judge by the Book of Allah And whosoever does not judge by what Allâh has revealed, such are the disbelievers[Kafirun]
[5:45] The law is "Life for life, Eye for Eye, Nose for Nose, Ear for Ear, Tooth for Tooth, and Wounds Equal for Equal." But the victim can forgive the offender if he wish.. And whosoever does not judge by Allah’s Law are the wrongdoer [Zâlimûn]
[5:47] The people of the Injeel should judge by what Allâh has revealed. whosoever does not are the disobedient [Fâsiqûn]
[4:80] Obeying messenger & Allah is same but if I don’t then the Messengers is not to watch over.
[4:65] I will not be true believer until accept judgement without any question.
[4:59] I should obey Allah, Messenger without any question but when I obey any Authority then such judgment should not overrule any of the Judgement of Allah if in doubt then I must refer back to Allah and the messenger.
[30:47]Allah decreed, the believers will be victorious.
[22:40] Allah will support who support Allah & He is All Almighty powerful.
[22:38]Allah will surely defend believer & Allah don’t like any betrayer/disbeliever
[47:7] If believer support Allah then Allah will grant them victory, & strengthen their foothold.
[3:83]Everything in heaven & earth surrendered to HIM willingly or unwillingly. [3:189] Allah has full sovereignty over heavens and Earth
[4:132] Everything belongs to Allah & He is sufficient as a guardian.
[5:120] To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them and He has power over all things.
THE MAIN FOCUS VERSE OF THE ARTICLE
The Quran 12:55
The above verse [12:55] clearly indicate that, Muslim can participate in democratic [secular] system to provide welfare to mankind. also some so-called mufty issue fatwa that it is HARAAM to give vote on such secular system, they forget ONLY Allah can make thing HARAAM or HALAL.
Unfortunately mankind fail to understand that,’ the Quran is the mercy for mankind. Whoever solely rule by the Quran will be benefited regardless they are so-called Muslim or NOT. Also since Allah is the most merciful & HIS legislation [Al-Quran] for whole Mankind, therefore Allah left some option on so many basic thing [which the Quran silent about] So that the government/ruler may adjust it according to their own needs.
Also since the Messenger/Prophet not going to continue and the message is fully completed also the mankind is well mature therefore Allah has ordered us to obey the authority in condition that “ they don’t order against any rule/commandment of Allah.
However the so-called [sect] scholar do use verse [4:59] & take advantage by misinterpret it, to say it is talking about obeying them [Mulla/Mufti/Pir/Mulana] so they can brainwash ordinary people into their manmade ideology. And because of their misleading, May be Allah has lifted HIS support, and this is why we see these so-called leaders or their followers are subjugated to occupation and humiliation.
Some extremist is trying to established they their ideology by using the name ALLAH such as [Islamic Shariyah or Kahlifa] they will never be success[insha-Allah] because Allah will NOT allow them to take mock out of HIS beautiful SYSTEM.
As I say before Allah’s system is already established. And I did not find anything the Quran which command me to established so-called Islamic System. I also believe such TASK can ONLY be fulfilled by a Messenger/ Prophet and this is why we see in the Quran every Messenger was given the authority /kingdom, moreover since NO messenger to come therefore it do not come into Question.
The Quran is very clearly saying [2:256], NO compulsion in DEEN also other verse indicate, it is up to people if they want to believe or disbelieve, but if they believe will be benefited & if they reject will lose.
Moreover if we look close on verse [5:44/ 5:46/ 5:47] it clearly say if anyone who is in power and don’t judge then s/he will be either DISBELIEVER / WRONGDOER /DISOBEDIENT which will depend on their individual circumstance & belief. Also don’t forget the beautiful verse 2:62 which say if one believe in Allah & the last day & do Good work, they will have their reword from Allah & NO fear for them.
I believe there is No difficulty whatsoever, for any true sincere believer [momin] to practice his/her DEEN, under today’s democratic /secular system, in-fact it is much easy to practise DEEN in secular system then all MANMADE RELIGIOUS System [including so-called Islamic shariah which most of the time totally against the Quran] and all of them manmade religious system is against human rights.
However I am not supporting or saying it is important / good to establish secular system, Since the Democratic / secular system has also so many error and do sometime also go against the Quran too, that is because it is also a MANMADE system. But it is better in this manner that, it do NOT misleading anyone or say it is a GOOD DEED for hereafter.
On the other hand the group whom use RELIGION to gain people support in their politics, they brainwash people by saying they will get reward from lord [Allah], for such participation, since it is kind of supporting the creator [Allah] which is nothing but total LIE [Allah knows Best ]